Mysterious Similarities Between Lord Vishnu’s ‘Dasavatar’ and Darwin’s ‘Evolutionary Theory’

Creationism and evolutionism have always been the subject of a heated debate between modern scientists and religious thinkers. How did life begin? How did the human species develop? These are some such questions, both science and religion have tried to find the answer in their own way. Scientists claim that mankind has developed from monkeys, so religious thinkers claim that God has created man. Although many people have explained in terms the origin of organisms, but Charles Darwin’s scientific theory of evolution has been most appreciated.

What I am about to say right now, may surprise you. But it is a fact that the theory of evolutionism which Darwin has explained in modern science, has been interpreted in Hinduism thousands of years ago. Actually, the Puranas have shown in the Dashavatar of Lord Vishnu an extraordinary glimpse of the development of human life and the development of human civilization, as seen in modern science. The story of Dashavatar is more related to evolutionary theory than mythology. If we will carefully discuss these two, you will also find that how much the evolutionary theory and Dashavatar are very similar.

Is it possible that Darwin took inspiration to prove his theory only from the retention of the Dashavataras? Because in the autobiography of Darwin himself it is mentioned that he had studied Vedic literature even before he started his journey on Bigal Jahj. Swami Vivekananda and Jawaharlal Nehru have also mentioned the similarities between Dashavatar and Darwin in developmentalism.

In fact, Dashavatara is the precise concept of hierarchically underlining bio and human development, because their (especially bio-incarnation) mythology has a clear and logical chronology. As such, the Mahabharata states that God takes birth as an avatar on earth in every age to protect religion. 

So let us know how Dashavatar of Hinduism and modern science or Darwin’s theory, both are similar to each other.

1. Fish avatar – Origin of life from water i.e. the beginning of life in the water

According to the theory of modern science – Darwin, life has started with the ocean i.e. water. Darwin believed that water is the most important element for saving life and life is not possible without water.

Hinduism – Similarly, if we talk of Dashavatar in Hinduism, the first incarnation of Vishnu was Matsya avatar i.e. fish. If according to science, water is the basis of the beginning of life. In this sense, the first incarnation of Vishnu was also in the form of a fish.

2. Kutch avatar – From water to land

According to the theory of modern science- developmentism, at this stage life departs from water to land. Life, in the course of development, becomes an amphibian out of water. This is the second stage of the development of life.

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Hinduism –  The second incarnation of Vishnu is known as the avatar of the tortoise. We all know that the tortoise is suitable for living in both water and land and it is the incarnation after the fishing. This shows how similar scientific ideas and religious views are to each other.

3. Varaha Avatar – Perfect living organism

Modern science – While living in the water, life became favorable for the land too. In the course of development, the earth became favorable for them for reproduction.

Hinduism – The next stage in the development of life was feet because it was not easy to travel long distances on the ground without feet. Therefore, the development of the legs began to complete this species. The Varaha avatar was the third avatar of Vishnu and he needed legs to travel from earth to ocean.

4. Narasimha avatar – Transition from animal to semi-human

Modern Science – In this phase, life changes from animal to human. Partly human development takes place, in which he learns to walk on his feet, physical development takes place but mental development is not possible. If the initial human is seen, then the lower parts can be seen as humans and the top parts can be seen as animals. This is what animals look like when they develop into humans.

Hinduism – Narasimha avatar is considered to be an avatar of half-human and half-animal and it is a sign of change from animal to human. It can be seen in this incarnation that even though the body has become human, but the brain or brain is still with animals. Half of the human development takes place in this phase. The concept of Homo sapiens in the sequence of development was the sequel, which is considered a milestone in the theory of evolution. In this phase, the animal learns to walk on two legs like a human. This incarnation of Vishnu was intended to save the devotee Prahlada from Hiranyakashipu.

5. Vamana avatar – Change from monkey to human and development of intelligence

Modern science – According to Darwin’s theory, the initial shape of a human was only a dwarf. At this stage, humans appear to be more human than animals but are quite dwarf in shape.

Hinduism – This fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is very close to man, but very rarely represents man. This incarnation is also an early indication of the development of intelligence in human form.

6. Parashuram avatar – Man developed stone tools

Modern science – In this phase, the man was much longer than before and now he also knew to use tools. In this phase biological development is complete and the human brain starts functioning without any reason. According to the theory of evolution, the Adivans living in caves also used tools to protect themselves.

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Hinduism – The sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is known as ‘Parashuramavatar’ i.e. Vanvasi. Lord Parashuram lived in caves and used tools made of stone and wood. His weapon was an ax at that time. Parashurama is generally referred to as a grumpy and Kshatriya exterminator Brahmin.

7. Ramavatar – Humans learned to build villages with arrows and bows and weapons.

Modern science – In this phase, humans developed properly and humans started respecting each other. ‘Survival ability’ really starts from here. Truly human existence starts from here.

Hinduism – The seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu is known as the Rama avatar among Hindus and is worshiped in temples as a deity. Ram became civilized here and developed many tools ranging from arrows and bows. He developed small communities and villages. In this phase, they protect villages and villagers.

8. Balarama avatar- Start of full cultivation

Modern Science – In this phase, humans started sowing seeds. Along with this, the production of food items and saplings started to cover the rural areas. Initially, the most successful crops were barley, wheat, rice, etc.

Hinduism – The eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu is considered the Balarama avatar. Lord Balarama is shown with the plow in the Puranas. This proves that he started farming with his plow. The human who previously relied on meat and wild tuber-origin, it is believed that from here man became civilized and human civilization developed agriculture.

9. Krishnavatar – Development of civilizations and cultures for today’s world

Modern Science – Mankind continued to learn to use tools and weapons. Civilizations were formed, wars were fought, empires formed and today it exists as the world that we are looking at. The main feature here is the increasing complexity of life and society. Human consciousness developed in this phase. Humans started to love music and dance etc.

Hinduism – The 9th incarnation of Lord Vishnu is known as Krishnavatar and is worshiped in temples just like Rama. This incarnation clearly represents advanced human civilization. The city of Dwarka is an icon of today’s cities, which is also confirmed by the excavated remains of how this city was settled.

10. Kalki Matter – end of the world

Modern science – According to the Big Bang theory and other modern theories, the universe is not stable. There must be an end to life in the world, so that life can begin again and that is why the end of the world continues unabated in every form.

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Hinduism – According to mythology, the 10th incarnation of Lord Vishnu is known as the Kalki avatar. This avatar has not happened yet. But it is believed that Lord Vishnu will appear in the Kalki avatar to kill the wicked in the world when the limit of sin is exceeded in the world. After that, they will destroy the whole world and create life again on this earth.

The incarnation of Lord Vishnu is depicted in different ways. Different versions show different avatars. In a list, Balarama is shown as the eighth avatar, while in any one Krishna is shown the 9th avatar. Talking about the second list, Krishna Avatar is shown as 8th Avatar, and Buddha Avatar is shown as 9th. However, modern philosophers and theologians have replaced Balarama and replaced Lord Buddha in Dasavatara.


If we study these avatars in a deeply scientific way, then many of our popular beliefs prove to be scientific. We unravel the mythological veil of stories and fables related to various incarnations and then combine them with scientific research and parables and do their value and objective analysis, miraculously, the practical properties of many complex subjects are hidden. These avatars are such patterns of evolution from the origin of creation to bio-evolution, which not only investigate the living world, moving from land to earth to astrophysicism, water, and sky, scientific analysis, and analysis of astronomical phenomena. That is why history and geography are within the periphery of these incarnations, the secrets of the universe are also embedded, there are wars for the establishment of religion, family, society, country, economy, politics, education and their own identity. 

There is a social philosophy of four eras divided into thousands of years. Goya, In such a long period, it is only natural that they should be all subjects and their lecturers, who work to keep humans physically healthy and curious at the level of consciousness? That is why there are subjects like astronomy, astrology, census, history, archeology in the incarnations of incarnations, there are also physical, chemical, biology, and botany. There are also fossils, humans, dance, and medicine. There are also deep topics like flying technology and biotechnology. As a result, Vedic religion and philosophy are based on curiosity and away from superstition. Pragya (knowledge) and curiosity are the basic sources of intelligence, who are distraught to realize the real form of the universe and the inner core (mystery) of the universe.